Bali, 13 December 2012 – Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will come to an end within the next three years. MDGs were born as a global development framework following the Millennium Declaration as the resolution of the UN Summit on 18 September 2000 endorsed by 189 member states and signed for by 147 Heads of States. Whereas, “development goals”, both as paradigm and nomenclature, remain and will become more relevant, especially when addressing the most recent crucial challenges. They cover a wide range of issues, from access to the basic services (i.e. education, health, job and employment, food security) and infrastructure, to environmental degradation and climate change which impact our life and world.
Poverty and MDGs
Poverty is the top of the world’s problem today. Apparently MDGs have not been prevailing enough as a framework to address poverty significantly and meaningfully. Indeed, MDGs have brought about some progresses in addressing a number of developmental problems. Yet, there remain many issues unresolved – let alone with the emergent matters and intensifying challenges in the development at the global level which have not been addressed in the MDGs. For instance: inequality, unemployment, environmental problem, climate change, and so forth.
Today, poverty is not the problem of the low-income and least-developed countries alone. The current trend shows that poverty now also grows in middle-income economies, and that social inequality has started to haunt developed countries. If the MDGs assume that poverty takes place only in the poor countries, what we need today, and especially in the future, is a framework for development which applies to everyone under the sky.
It seems only appropriate therefore if the President Yudhoyono, in the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda (also known as HLPEP) in the UN HQ, New York (25/9), emphasised: “What we agreed upon is to end poverty globally and to improve the living standard of the people. This agenda has to be built on the achievement of the current MDGs, and by means of defining the new goals and targets.”
In this regard, it is in urgent sense that MDGs need to be brought forward and continued in order to be able to address the new world’s challenges through the development corridor post-2015, which is often referred by many to as Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Within this corridor it is expected that the dynamics of the post-MDGs are not only being accommodated, but also developed in responding to the new global problems. In addition, it is imperative to build the broader sense of ownership by opening up the opportunity for everyone to contribute.
The United Nations High Level Panel of Eminent Person (HLPEP) is consulting and consolidating inputs for a new development framework. It is aimed to be an open, inclusive and participatory process, involving various stakeholders. The UN General Secretary has appointed Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, and UK Prime Minister David Cameron to co-chair the panel. “We need to involve multi-stakeholders throughout the process. Not only will this increase the legitimacy of the panel, it will also ensure that the Panel’s recommendations are meaningful for the world’s development,” says President Yudhoyono.
HLPEP has held two of its planned five meetings. They started and will end in New York. The first meeting, on 25 September 2012, discussed the platform and workplan for post-2015 development agenda. The second meeting in London, a month after, touched on the vision and framing questions for the HLPEP report with the emphasis on poverty eradication and individual human capacity.
The coming three meetings, to be held in Monrovia (February 2013), Bali (Maret 2013), dan New York (Mei 2013), will respectively focus on national capacity, global partnership, and the summary of final report of HLPEP on post-2015 development agenda.
Prior to the next meeting in Monrovia, Indonesia initiates a Regional Meeting and Stakeholder Consultation on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. In this two-days meeting, held at Grand Hyatt Nusa Dua Hotel, on 13-14 December 2012 in Bali, President Yudhoyono opens the event and addresses a speech in his capacity as one of the HLPEP co-chairs. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is represented by her advisor, Mr. Samuel Jackson, the former Minister of Economic and Finance, Liberia. Meanwhile, UK Prime Minister is represented by Ms. Yudith Whiteley from DFID, London.
Ajay Chhibber, UN Assistant Secretary-General, UNDP Assistant Administrator and Regional Director for Asia and the Pacific speaking on the occasion, says that we cannot simply do more of the same. A new paradigm is therefore needed, which incorporates the unfinished development agenda, but also takes us forward, in a world in which the global context has irrevocably changed, he adds. “I am confident that Asia-Pacific, a continent and region that is as rich in biodiversity as it is steeped in history will be able to lead the way toward a more secure and sustainable future for all of humanity,” Chibber says.
Participants of the meeting and consultations come from more than 20 Asia-Pacific countries, and 5 more countries from outside the region, in addition to international think-thanks and research institutes.
“The outcome of this meeting will be discussed at the envoy meeting in New York this month”, Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, Head of the Indonesian President’s Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight (UKP4), quoted as saying. UKP4 organises the event. Kuntoro goes on to add that the outcome shall be in line with the three dimensions of President Yudhoyono’s vision on post-2015 development agenda, namely poverty eradication, sustainable growth with equity, and strengthened global partnership.
Indonesia shows a firm commitment to sustainable development. On 21 September 2012, President Yudhoyono established the National Committee on Post-2015 Development Agenda under the Presidential Decree 29/2012. Kuntoro Mangkusubroto was appointed to chair this committee.
The central theme of this meeting and consultation is on regional perspectives for the new development agenda in particular regarding national capacity and global partnership. The objective is to eradicate poverty through efforts which become the focus of HLPEP including promoting economic growth, social equality, peace and security, and environmental sustainability.
Amina Mohammed, Special Representative of UN Secretary General for Post-2015 Development Agenda, maintains that “… this is a very exceptional opportunity and we should take the best advantage from this, not only to eradicate poverty but also to bring our future into the right direction.” ***
Source: UKP-PPP website